These studies have proven that workplace spirituality leads to beneﬁcial individual and organizational outcomes, and it is positively correlated with greater worker performance and delivers improved employee commitment, satisfaction, altruism, conscientiousness, engagement, loyalty, sales growth, work unit productivity and organizational citizenship behavior. On the other hand, negatively, it is related to fear, stress, burnout, conﬂict, frustration, earning manipulation, and instrumental commitment. It means that this might be a way to create and maintain a sustainable workplace.
The review of research about the workplace indicated that there are many studies about the positive relationship between spirituality, leadership, and followers that help build a sustainable workplace for employees. Leaders with a high level of spirituality, who care about others, pass this “spirituality” involuntarily to their employees. In turn, employee spirituality increases because they feel secure and supported. They can see a deeper sense of their tasks and notice people around them, promoting positive relationships. This creates a sustainable work environment for leaders and employees.
In eﬀect, leaders end up achieving organizational goals, higher productivity, and greater sustainability. Before analysing the theme of sustainable workplace in literature, it seemed that there is nothing spiritual about the workplace. However, there are many ﬁelds of the workplace in which the spirituality of a leader can be applied to improve sustainability in the organization by:
• Increasing joy, peace, and happiness of employees, which positively aﬀect job satisfaction and have a negative eﬀect on absenteeism and turnover
• Using spiritual consciousness to see the situations, circumstances, and problems from a holistic perspective, which results in the security and freedom of employees that, in turn, decreases the negative sides of work such as stress, depression, and job burnout
• Engaging in moral and ethical behavior that in eﬀect helps to make the right decisions that serve diﬀerent types of stakeholders, e.g., employees, communities (local and national), future generations
• Being inspired by vision and values, which results in a sense of meaning and purpose in work, and aﬀects the perception of the importance of job tasks and responsibilities and commitment not only in achieving organizational goals but also in improving social well-being
• Increasing love and trust for oneself and others, which results in building good relationships and the feeling of being part of a great community in an organization and as a whole.
These beneﬁts of spirituality in the workplace through spiritual leadership have an impact on employees’ organizational behavior, which is characterized by the awareness of higher purpose and a sense of meaning in a job, being engaged in the job responsibilities and ethical decisions, and ﬁnally being a part of society.
The 21 Benefits of Spiritual Leadership –
|1.||Individual level||A sense of life satisfaction|
|2.||Human health and well-being improvement|
|3.||Greater morale, and commitment|
|4.||A sense of meaning and calling a job|
|5.||Greater employee and leader motivation, satisfaction, and task involvement|
|6.||Self-career development, engagement, loyalty|
|7.||Less conﬂict, frustration, absenteeism, turnover, and job burnout|
|8.||Less counterproductive work behavior|
|9.||A sense of autonomy, competence, and connections|
|10.||Team level||Higher commitment and motivation|
|11.||A sense of team and community|
|12.||Learning in teams|
|13.||Team-level innovative behaviors|
|14.||Higher group productivity and performance|
|15.||Organizational level||Organizational learning|
|16.||Organizational citizenship behavior|
|17.||Higher productivity, performance excellence|
|18.||Greater ﬂexibility of the organization|
|19.||Greater creativity of the organization|
These characteristics aﬀect individual behavior, then an operation of the organization, and as a result, the world. A belief that an individual’s current action will inﬂuence the future of society and future generations is the fundamental view of sustainability ﬂows from spirituality. Thus, spirituality can be understood as harmony with self and the others, and with all that seem to be an external environment, although it is a part of us.
Comparatively, sustainability can be understood as harmony with society and the environment. The creation and maintenance of the conditions under which humans and nature can exist in harmony is the aim of both spirituality and sustainability in the workplace and the organization. The roots of sustainability may be spirituality.
Workplace spirituality contributes to sustainability through arousing a sense of meaning in life and work, a sense of community, care for others, nature, and the planet. Long ago, it was noticed in the discussion on “land ethics” that the relationship between humans with each other and toward the environment needs to take a more spiritual stand.
The societal shift toward sustainability requires a shift to human consciousness that is more spiritual. Understanding the role of each player in society (government, unions, business, non-governmental organizations and society) and balancing global and local perspectives are basic qualities and skills of leadership for integrating social and sustainability concerns into an organization.
The societal shift toward sustainability requires a shift to human consciousness that is more spiritual. Understanding the role of each player in society (government, unions, business, non-governmental organizations and society) and balancing global and local perspectives are basic qualities and skills of leadership for integrating social and sustainability concerns into an organization.Tweet
Many leaders still take the stance that sustainability measures can create only short-term ﬁnancial beneﬁt and cannot recognize the potential beneﬁts of sustainability measures for overall organizational performance. Sustainability in business requires a new way of thinking about the desired results.
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